July was the hottest month ever recorded in the world, and the trend for scorching summers is set to continue, climatologists say.
The sizzling weather impacts people’s health and has led to more deaths.
Dozens of researchers who looked at heat deaths in 732 cities around the globe from 1991 to 2018 calculated that 37% were caused by higher temperatures from human-caused warming, according to a study published in May in the journal Nature Climate Change.
Bogdan Antonescu, a Romanian expert in extreme weather phenomena, says the rise in global temperatures is caused by carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere_ commonly known as global warming.
He said the increase in heat-related deaths meant 100 fatalities a year in in Bucharest. It is „somewhere between 10, 12 deaths in Iasi, Cluj or Timisoara,” he told Digi24 on Wednesday.
“Not only does extreme temperature have an effect on our health, it also affects ecosystems. Things are complex.”
He added that the climate change could be halted.
“Despite the fact that the UN report states that we have a „red code” for humanity, we can still do something. If we talk about extreme temperatures, things are relatively simple. We need to reduce the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.”
He said Romania, which has a continental climate, could expect several days with temperatures highs between 40-50 degrees and fewer bitterly cold days.
“We won’t have winters as we did in the past. This doesn’t mean we won’t have massive snowfall or cold weather in some regions.
“But the global trend is for the number of days with extreme cold to decrease and the number of days with extremely high temperatures to increase,” he added.
The combined land and ocean surface temperature was 0.93 of a degree C above the 20th-century average in July, making it the hottest July since records began 142 years ago.
It was also 0.01 of a degree C higher than the previous record set in July 2016, and tied in 2019 and 2020).