Ukraine has imposed temporary restrictions on the supply of grain cargoes by rail in the direction of Moldova and Romania due to a large number of wagons at border crossings, the APK-Infrom consultancy said Friday.
Ukraine has been forced to use rail as its main route for exporting grain, after its Black Sea ports were blocked by Russia.
On May 2, Ukraine’s agriculture m said in a statement that the the seaports of Berdyansk, Mariupol, Skadovsk, and Kherson will be closed „until Ukraine regains control over” them.
This has led to the accumulation of wagons at border crossings, Reuters reported.
Earlier, Kyiv suspended grain exports by rail to Poland.
Organizations such as the United Nations have warned that Russia’s war against Ukraine could trigger a major food crisis that will affect Europe, Asia, and Africa.
APK-Inform said restrictions in the direction of Romania began on May 4 and from May 5 in the direction of Moldova and Ukraine’s Danube ports.
The agriculture ministry said on Thursday that grain exports had reached 46 million tons in the 2021/22 July-June season, including 132,000 tons so far in May.
Senior agriculture officials said last month that Ukraine exported up to 300,000 tons of grain in March, while analyst APK-Inform said the country exported 923,000 tons of grain in April.
Ukraine exported up to 6 million tons of grain a month before Russia invaded the country. It exported 38.99 million tonnes at this point in the 2020/21 season.
President Volodymyr Zelensky said on May 2 that Ukraine could lose tens of millions of tons of grain because of Russia controlling Black Sea shipping lanes.